All the information you need to know on the biology and ecology of the three bream species, Yellow Fin, Black Bream, and Pikey Bream.
Read on for more !
Yellow Fin Bream
Scientific Name: Acanthopagrus australis
Also Known As: Silver Bream, Surf Bream
Size: up to 4.4 kg
Distribution: Found along the east coast of Australia, commonly from Townsville, south to the Gippsland Lakes, with individuals being reported from Cairns and even Cooktown.
Habitat: Found from the upper reaches of eastern flowing rivers and creeks, through the estuaries and along surf beaches and rocky headlands, including some offshore islands. Yellowfin bream are usually associated with some form of structure such as pylons, weed beds, deeper holes and rocky areas.
Forage: Yellowfin bream are a forage species that feed on anything from live minnow, through to crustaceans, worms and even algal growth.
Fishing: This species is at its best when targeted with lures. Small minnows that suspend and soft plastics work exceptionally well in all of the environments that yellowfin bream are found. Bait anglers report excellent catches on baits that have a strong scent and pudding baits with cheese and aniseed are popular.
Best Baits: Live shrimp, prawn, mullet gut, pudding bait.
Best Lures: 1 – 2 ” soft plastics, small diving minnows, small surface lures.
Best Flies: Clouser style flies, small minnow patterns, shrimp patterns.
Record Fish: 4.45 kg
Scientific Name: Acanthopagrus butcheri
Also Known As: Southern Black Bream, Butcheri
Size: up to 3.5 kg
Distribution: Black bream are found from Myall Lakes in NSW, south around the Great Australian Bight to Shark Bay in Western Australia. The species is also distributed throughout Tasmania.
Habitat: The habitat of black bream is quite diverse. The species can be found from fresh water to the ocean, but is most common in tidal estuaries. Often associated with hard structure, black bream are also common near weed beds and sand flats.
Forage: Feeds extensively on shellfish, invertebrates and crustaceans, but does take baitfish in certain situations.
Fishing: Regularly targeted with the use of soft baits such as marine worms and peeled prawn, better class fish are targeted by using crabs, live prawns and articial lures and flies. As the fish often loosely schools,many fish can be taken from one area and berley can aid in their capture. Lure and fly anglers targeting bigger fish often catch one or two fish from a snag suggesting that the larger specimens prefer a solitary life.
Best Baits: Marine worms, prawns, slatwater yabbies, spider crabs, pudding baits.
Best Lures: 1 – 2″ soft plastics rigged on jig heads, small minnow lures, small surface lures.
Record fish: 3.45kg
Scientific Name: Acanthopagrus berda
Also Known As: Bream, Black Bream
Size: up to 2.5 kg
Distribution: Pikey bream are found from Onslow in Western Australia, across the Top End through the Cape to the central coast of eastern Queensland.
Habitat: The pikey bream has similar habitat preferences to the yellowfin bream. The species can range from non-tidal freshwater, through to coastal estuaries and bays. The species has also been caught around rocky headland and along tropical beaches.
Forage: Feeds on shellfish, crustaceans, invertebrates and smaller baitfish.
Fishing: Pikey bream are regularly taken on live and dead baits fished near snags in tropical estuaries. The species has a habit of picking at baits until there is nothing left, without being hooked. Sportfishing anglers target the species with small lures and soft plastics with great results. The species is very aggressive and puts up a good fight on appropriate tackle. ,br>
Best Baits: Prawns (live or dead), strip baits, live herring
Best Lures: Small crayfish imitators, 1 – 2″ soft plastics rigged on a light jighead.
Best Flies:,/b> Small Clouser and shrimp patterns
Record fish: ??? (let us know)